This is a continuation of my previous post, where I just had my hands on with Python-Arduino-Proto-API-V2.
As I have mentioned at the end of my last post, I wanted to take a look into the prototype.pde file and arduino.py file to understand what exactly is happening and what data are being transmitted.
From my understanding this is how it works.
All the Arduino boards have Serial interface which communicates via pin 0 (Rx – pin for receiving data) and pin 1 (Tx – pin for transmitting data). Arduino IDE has with it a built-in Serial Monitor. Now taking advantage of this built-in Serial library of Arduino IDE, the Prototype.pde file has been written.
Taking a look at setup method in the prototype.pde file, which initializes the Serial interface on the board & taking a look at loop method where switch case is used with options ranging from 0 to 4 used for Reading and writing to Digital and Analog pins. Now that this pde file which is also called as Sketch is uploaded to the board using Arduino IDE will now be listening for the inputs on the Serial interface pin 0 (Rx) mentioned above, based on the choice supplied to the switch case the board will serve the purpose.
Let us now take a look into the arduino.py file which serves as an Python API that communicates with the prototype.pde file in the board. Python also has a Serial interface library called as PySerial. arduino.py uses this python library to talk with the serial interface on the board.
setLow, setHigh, getState, analogWrite, analogRead are the methods defined in the Arduino class which are mapped to Switch case 0,1,2 & 3 on the prototype.pde file which in turn uses the built-in Serial functions of Arduino to achieve the same.
So the approach is pretty straight forward, we can also write our own sketch taking advantage of arduino’s built in serial library and upload to the board. This API looks decent to do basic operations on the board.